Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Radiat Res. 2011 Nov;176(5):624-35. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

Rapid loss of bone mass and strength in mice after abdominal irradiation.

Author information

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, Arkansas 72205, USA.


Localized irradiation is a common treatment modality for malignancies in the pelvic-abdominal cavity. We report here on the changes in bone mass and strength in mice 7-14 days after abdominal irradiation. Male C57BL/6 mice of 10-12 weeks of age were given a single-dose (0, 5, 10, 15 or 20 Gy) or fractionated (3 Gy × 2 per day × 7.5 days) X rays to the abdomen and monitored daily for up to 14 days. A decrease in the serum bone formation marker and ex vivo osteoblast differentiation was detected 7 days after a single dose of radiation, with little change in the serum bone resorption marker and ex vivo osteoclast formation. A single dose of radiation elicited a loss of bone mineral density (BMD) within 14 days of irradiation. The BMD loss was up to 4.1% in the whole skeleton, 7.3% in tibia, and 7.7% in the femur. Fractionated abdominal irradiation induced similar extents of BMD loss 10 days after the last fraction: 6.2% in the whole skeleton, 5.1% in tibia, and 13.8% in the femur. The loss of BMD was dependent on radiation dose and was more profound in the trabecula-rich regions of the long bones. Moreover, BMD loss in the total skeleton and the femurs progressed with time. Peak load and stiffness in the mid-shaft tibia from irradiated mice were 11.2-14.2% and 11.5-25.0% lower, respectively, than sham controls tested 7 days after a single-dose abdominal irradiation. Our data demonstrate that abdominal irradiation induces a rapid loss of BMD in the mouse skeleton. These effects are bone type- and region-specific but are independent of radiation fractionation. The radiation-induced abscopal damage to the skeleton is manifested by the deterioration of biomechanical properties of the affected bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center