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Emotion. 2012 Feb;12(1):44-57. doi: 10.1037/a0025023. Epub 2011 Aug 22.

The structure of temperament in preschoolers: a two-stage factor analytic approach.

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1
Department of Psychology, Stony Brook University, StonyBrook, NY 11794-2500, USA. mdyson@notes.cc.sunysb.edu

Abstract

The structure of temperament traits in young children has been the subject of extensive debate, with separate models proposing different trait dimensions. This research has relied almost exclusively on parent-report measures. The present study used an alternative approach, a laboratory observational measure, to explore the structure of temperament in preschoolers. A 2-stage factor analytic approach, exploratory factor analyses (n = 274) followed by confirmatory factor analyses (n = 276), was used. We retrieved an adequately fitting model that consisted of 5 dimensions: Sociability, Positive Affect/Interest, Dysphoria, Fear/Inhibition, and Constraint versus Impulsivity. This solution overlaps with, but is also distinct from, the major models derived from parent-report measures.

PMID:
21859196
PMCID:
PMC3526001
DOI:
10.1037/a0025023
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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