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Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2011 Oct;24(5):478-83. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0b013e32834a8b8b.

Enteropathogenic escherichia coli infection in children.

Author information

1
Instituto de Medicina Tropical 'Alexander von Humboldt', Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, PerĂº. Theresa.J.Ochoa@uth.tmc.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) is an important diarrheal pathogen of young children. As the diagnosis of EPEC is now based mainly on molecular criteria, there has been an important change in its prevalence. The purpose of this study is to review the current epidemiology of EPEC infection and the new insights into its physiopathology.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Recent epidemiological studies indicate that atypical EPEC (aEPEC) is more prevalent than typical EPEC (tEPEC) in both developed and developing countries, and that aEPEC is important in both pediatric endemic diarrhea and diarrhea outbreaks. Therefore, it is important to further characterize the pathogenicity of these emerging strains. The virulence mechanisms and physiopathology of the attaching and effacing lesion (A/E) and the type three secretion-system (T3SS) are complex but well studied. A/E strains use their pool of locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE)-encoded and non-LEE-encoded effector proteins to subvert and modulate cellular and barrier properties of the host. However, the exact mechanisms of diarrhea in EPEC infection are not completely understood.

SUMMARY:

Remarkable progress has been made to identify virulence determinants required to mediate the pathogenesis of EPEC. However, fast, easy, and inexpensive diagnostic methods are needed in order to define optimal treatment and prevention for children in endemic areas.

PMID:
21857511
PMCID:
PMC3277943
DOI:
10.1097/QCO.0b013e32834a8b8b
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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