Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012 Aug;20(8):673-81. doi: 10.1097/JGP.0b013e31822ccd64.

Vascular burden and cognitive functioning in depressed older adults.

Author information

1
Psychology Service, Greater Los Angeles VA Healthcare Center, West Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vascular burden is known to contribute to geriatric depression and cognitive impairment. The objective of our study was to evaluate the relationship between vascular burden and pattern of cognitive impairment in older adults with depression.

METHODS:

Ninety-four community-dwelling older adults (mean age = 70.8 years; SD = 7.63) diagnosed with major depression were recruited to participate in the tai chi complementary use study aimed to improve antidepressant response to an antidepressant medication. All participants received comprehensive evaluations of depression, apathy, and vascular risk factors, and completed a battery of cognitive measures of memory, cognitive control, verbal fluency, and attention.

RESULTS:

The severity of vascular burden was significantly correlated with depression severity and impaired performance on measures of cognitive control (i.e., inhibition/mental flexibility), and attention, but not memory or verbal fluency. Neither the severity of comorbid apathy nor medical illness burden was related to cognitive impairment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vascular burden in older depressed adults contributes to cognitive impairment, particularly in domains of attention and cognitive control. Our findings suggest that aggressive treatment of vascular risk factors may reduce risk for further cognitive decline in depressed older adults.

PMID:
21857219
PMCID:
PMC3889859
DOI:
10.1097/JGP.0b013e31822ccd64
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center