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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Sep 9;412(4):618-25. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.08.012. Epub 2011 Aug 12.

Hepatic steatosis inhibits autophagic proteolysis via impairment of autophagosomal acidification and cathepsin expression.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

Autophagy, one of protein degradation system, contributes to maintain cellular homeostasis and cell defense. Recently, some evidences indicated that autophagy and lipid metabolism are interrelated. Here, we demonstrate that hepatic steatosis impairs autophagic proteolysis. Though accumulation of autophagosome is observed in hepatocytes from ob/ob mice, expression of p62 was augmented in liver from ob/ob mice more than control mice. Moreover, degradation of the long-lived protein leucine was significantly suppressed in hepatocytes isolated from ob/ob mice. More than 80% of autophagosomes were stained by LysoTracker Red (LTR) in hepatocytes from control mice; however, rate of LTR-stained autophagosomes in hepatocytes were suppressed in ob/ob mice. On the other hand, clearance of autolysosomes loaded with LTR was blunted in hepatocytes from ob/ob mice. Although fusion of isolated autophagosome and lysosome was not disturbed, proteinase activity of cathepsin B and L in autolysosomes and cathepsin B and L expression of liver were suppressed in ob/ob mice. These results indicate that lipid accumulation blunts autophagic proteolysis via impairment of autophagosomal acidification and cathepsin expression.

PMID:
21856284
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.08.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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