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J Am Board Fam Pract. 1990 Apr-Jun;3(2):73-9.

Esophagogastroduodenoscopy by family physicians: a national multisite study of 717 procedures.

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University of Tennessee, Memphis-College of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine 38104.


This is the first multisite report of esophagogastroduodenoscopies (EGDs) performed by family physicians. The first 717 EGDs performed by family physicians from 8 separate office practices provide a practical and safe rationale for selected cognitive and psychomotor aspects of continuing medical education after residency training. Although primarily in private practice, these physicians were affiliated with 6 academic institutions. This group of family physicians received training in short courses. The average amount of hands-on training before independent EGD was 8 supervised cases. Cumulatively, these data represent 227 months (18.9 years) of office practice. All cases were collected sequentially from the beginning of each physician's experience, and 454 cases were collected prospectively. Physicians reported excellent patient tolerance. Diagnostic yields were high, and biopsies were performed where appropriate. Pathologists reviewed biopsy specimens from 213 sites. The family physician endoscopic diagnosis agreed with the tissue diagnosis in 188 cases (88 percent). Physicians believed that EGD enhanced management or changed the diagnosis in more than 89 percent of cases. One bleeding complication requiring overnight hospitalization was noted. This complication rate 0.0014 (1/717) compares favorably with published subspecialty complication rates 0.0013 (1.3/1000). These data confirm the ability of some family physicians to perform EGD and suggest that continuation is safe. Biopsy analysis indicates diagnostic accuracy is high. Further study on the cognitive aspects and the defragmentation of care is needed.

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[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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