Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Public Health. 2012 Apr;102(4):689-97. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300150. Epub 2011 Nov 28.

The association between neighborhood characteristics and body size and physical activity in the California teachers study cohort.

Author information

  • 1Cancer Prevention Institute of California, Fremont, 94538, USA. theresa.keegan@CPIC.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We considered interactions between physical activity and body mass index (BMI) and neighborhood factors.

METHODS:

We used recursive partitioning to identify predictors of low recreational physical activity (< 2.5 hours/week) and overweight and obesity (BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m(2)) among 118,315 women in the California Teachers Study. Neighborhood characteristics were based on 2000 US Census data and Reference US business listings.

RESULTS:

Low physical activity and being overweight or obese were associated with individual sociodemographic characteristics, including race/ethnicity and age. Among White women aged 36 to 75 years, living in neighborhoods with more household crowding was associated with a higher probability of low physical activity (54% vs 45% to 51%). In less crowded neighborhoods where more people worked outside the home, the existence of fewer neighborhood amenities was associated with a higher probability of low physical activity (51% vs 46%). Among non-African American middle-aged women, living in neighborhoods with a lower socioeconomic status was associated with a higher probability of being overweight or obese (46% to 59% vs 38% in high-socioeconomic status neighborhoods).

CONCLUSIONS:

Associations between physical activity, overweight and obesity, and the built environment varied by sociodemographic characteristics in this educated population.

PMID:
21852626
PMCID:
PMC3410673
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2011.300150
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center