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Thromb Res. 2012 Apr;129(4):e77-82. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2011.07.026. Epub 2011 Aug 17.

In vitro study of the anticoagulant effects of edoxaban and its effect on thrombin generation in comparison to fondaparinux.

Author information

1
Haematology Department, Hôtel-Dieu University Hospital, Paris, France. meyermichel.samama@biomnis.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Edoxaban, an oral direct factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor, is in Phase III development for prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. Fondaparinux is an approved indirect FXa inhibitor. This study compared the effects of edoxaban and fondaparinux on thrombin generation (TG) using the calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT). Secondary objectives included evaluation of edoxaban and inhibition of coagulation parameters (prothrombin time [PT], activated partial thromboplastin time [aPTT]), anti-FXa activity and clotting times.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Pooled citrated platelet-poor plasma from healthy subjects was spiked with edoxaban (0.02-3.65 μM) or fondaparinux (0.15-1.18 μM). Parameters of TG were calculated using Thrombinoscope software. PT ratios and aPTT were measured in the presence of different thromboplastin reagents. Exogenous anti-FXa was measured using Rotachrom HBPM (Stago) and a specific assay developed for direct FXa inhibitors (Hyphen BioMed).

RESULTS:

Edoxaban exhibited a 3-fold greater concentration-dependent effect than fondaparinux across TG parameters (except endogenous thrombin potential). Edoxaban also produced a concentration-dependent prolongation of PT ratio and aPTT. The magnitude of concentration-dependent increase was related to thromboplastin reagent. In contrast to edoxaban, fondaparinux was inactive on these clotting tests. Linear correlations were observed between plasma concentration of edoxaban and anti-FXa activity and results of clotting time assays.

CONCLUSIONS:

TG evaluation by the CAT method, coagulation tests, and anti-FXa and clotting assays demonstrated concentration-dependent effects of edoxaban. The PT and aPTT prolongation are reagent dependent; correction of PT ratio by international normalized ratio does not reduce variability in response. The greater effect of edoxaban vs. fondaparinux may be related to the broader activity of direct FXa inhibitors compared with indirect FXa inhibitors.

PMID:
21851967
DOI:
10.1016/j.thromres.2011.07.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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