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Nat Rev Genet. 2011 Aug 18;12(9):641-55. doi: 10.1038/nrg3049.

Understanding the transcriptome through RNA structure.

Author information

1
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Program in Epithelial Biology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Abstract

RNA structure is crucial for gene regulation and function. In the past, transcriptomes have largely been parsed by primary sequences and expression levels, but it is now becoming feasible to annotate and compare transcriptomes based on RNA structure. In addition to computational prediction methods, the recent advent of experimental techniques to probe RNA structure by high-throughput sequencing has enabled genome-wide measurements of RNA structure and has provided the first picture of the structural organization of a eukaryotic transcriptome - the 'RNA structurome'. With additional advances in method refinement and interpretation, structural views of the transcriptome should help to identify and validate regulatory RNA motifs that are involved in diverse cellular processes and thereby increase understanding of RNA function.

PMID:
21850044
PMCID:
PMC3858389
DOI:
10.1038/nrg3049
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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