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Dis Aquat Organ. 2011 Jun 16;95(2):137-43. doi: 10.3354/dao02358.

Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss ladderlectin, but not intelectin, binds viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus IVb.

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Fish Pathology Laboratory, Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada.


The innate immune system of fish is critical for rapid detection and immediate response to infection, as well as to orchestrate the adaptive branch of the immune system. Rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss ladderlectin and intelectin are plasma pattern recognition receptors (PRR) for bacterial and fungal pathogens of rainbow trout, but their role as PRRs for virus is unknown. Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) IVb is a recently described fish pathogen in the Great Lakes, and rainbow trout can be experimentally infected. Using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, rainbow trout plasma ladderlectin significantly (p < 0.05) bound purified VHSV while intelectin did not. In addition, plasma ladderlectin but not intelectin was eluted from a VHSV-conjugated Toyopearl column using EDTA. Protein identification was confirmed with polyclonal antiserum used with slot immunoblot, 1-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide electrophoresis, and Western immunoblot.

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