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Dis Markers. 2011;31(1):9-15. doi: 10.3233/DMA-2011-0795.

NF-kB expression in IgA nephropathy outcome.

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Department of Pathology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão, Preto, Brazil.


Some studies have demonstrated the involvement of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) in the pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis. The aim of our study was twofold: (1) to analyze the prognostic value of NF-kB expression in primary IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and (2) to compare the results of NF-kB expression by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and southwestern histochemistry (SWH). We analyzed 62 patients diagnosed with IgAN from 1987 to 2003. We used monoclonal antibodies to CD68 and mast cell tryptase and polyclonal antibodies to TGF-β1, α-SMA and NF-kB p65. We used SWH for the in situ detection of activated NF-kB. The results showed that NF-kB expression (mainly by SWH) correlated with clinical and histological parameters. An unfavorable clinical course of IgAN was significantly related to tubular NF-kB expression by SWH, but not by IHC. The Kaplan-Meier curves demonstrated that increased NF-kB expression, which was measured by IHC and SWH, decreased renal survival. In conclusion, the increased expression of NF-kB in the tubular area may be a predictive factor for the poor prognosis of patients with IgAN. Compared with IHC, NF-kB expression determined by SWH was correlated with a larger number of parameters of poor disease outcome.

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