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Prev Med. 2011 Oct;53(4-5):328-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.07.021. Epub 2011 Aug 5.

Associations between regional socioeconomic deprivation and cancer risk: Analysis of population-based Cancer Registry data from Bavaria, Germany.

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German Research Center for Environmental Health, Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Neuherberg, Germany.



Previous research from other countries shows a positive association between cancer risk and regional deprivation. This study explores this association for lung and colorectal cancers in Germany.


Regional deprivation was assessed by the 'Bavarian Index of Multiple Deprivation'. Cancer data were provided by the Cancer Registry of Bavaria (2003-2006). The association between cancer risk and regional deprivation was evaluated by multilevel Poisson regression analysis.


Crude incidence and mortality rates (per 1000 people) in the least deprived areas were 1.46 and 0.92 for lung cancer, 2.82 and 0.69 for colorectal cancer. For lung cancer, the age-adjusted relative risk (RR) for incidence in the most deprived districts (compared with the least deprived) in men was 1.41 (95% CI: 1.28-1.54), for mortality 1.59 (95% CI: 1.40-1.80); in women, an elevated RR was seen for mortality (1.24, 95% CI: 1.06-1.46). For colorectal cancer, the RR for incidence (men: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.17-1.46; women: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.12-1.40) and mortality (men: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.28-1.80; women: 1.49, 95% CI: 1.26-1.77) was always highest in the most deprived districts.


At the district level in Bavaria, the risk for lung and colorectal cancers mostly increases with increasing regional deprivation.

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