Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Steroids. 2011 Dec 11;76(13):1465-73. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2011.07.017. Epub 2011 Aug 9.

Phenylalanine 93 of the human UGT1A10 plays a major role in the interactions of the enzyme with estrogens.

Author information

1
Centre for Drug Research, Faculty of Pharmacy, PO Box 56, Viikinkaari 5, University of Helsinki, FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Little is currently known about the substrate binding site of the human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) and the structural elements that affect their complex substrate selectivity. In order to further understand and extend our earlier findings with phenylalanines 90 and 93 of UGT1A10, we have replaced each of them with Gly, Ala, Val, Leu, Ile or Tyr, and tested the activity of the resulting 12 mutants toward eight different substrates. Apart from scopoletin glucuronidation, the F90 mutants other than F90L were nearly inactive, while the F93 mutants' activity was strongly substrate dependent. Hence, F93L displayed high entacapone and 1-naphthol glucuronidation rates, whereas F93G, which was nearly inactive in entacapone glucuronidation, was highly active toward estradiol, estriol and even ethinylestradiol, a synthetic estrogen that is a poor substrate for the wild-type UGT1A10. Kinetic analyses of 4-nitrophenol, estradiol and ethinylestradiol glucuronidation by the mutants that catalyzed the respective reactions at considerable rates, revealed increased K(m) values for 4-nitrophenol and estradiol in all the mutants, whilst the K(m) values of F93G and F93A for ethinylestradiol were lower than in control UGT1A10. Based on the activity results and a new molecular model of UGT1A10, it is suggested that both F90 and F93 are located in a surface helix at the far end of the substrate binding site. Nevertheless, only F93 directly affects the selectivity of UGT1A10 toward large and rigid estrogens, particularly those with substitutions at the D ring. The effects of F93 mutations on the glucuronidation of smaller or less rigid substrates are indirect, however.

PMID:
21846474
PMCID:
PMC3188330
DOI:
10.1016/j.steroids.2011.07.017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center