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J Immunol. 2011 Sep 15;187(6):3145-54. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1100764. Epub 2011 Aug 15.

Multiple CD4+ T cell subsets produce immunomodulatory IL-10 during respiratory syncytial virus infection.

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1
Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Immunology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA.

Abstract

The host immune response is believed to contribute to the severity of pulmonary disease induced by acute respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Because RSV-induced pulmonary disease is associated with immunopathology, we evaluated the role of IL-10 in modulating the RSV-specific immune response. We found that IL-10 protein levels in the lung were increased following acute RSV infection, with maximum production corresponding to the peak of the virus-specific T cell response. The majority of IL-10-producing cells in the lung during acute RSV infection were CD4(+) T cells. The IL-10-producing CD4(+) T cells included Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells, Foxp3(-) CD4(+) T cells that coproduce IFN-γ, and Foxp3(-) CD4(+) T cells that do not coproduce IFN-γ. RSV infection of IL-10-deficient mice resulted in more severe disease, as measured by increased weight loss and airway resistance, as compared with control mice. We also observed an increase in the magnitude of the RSV-induced CD8(+) and CD4(+) T cell response that correlated with increased disease severity in the absence of IL-10 or following IL-10R blockade. Interestingly, IL-10R blockade during acute RSV infection altered CD4(+) T cell subset distribution, resulting in a significant increase in IL-17A-producing CD4(+) T cells and a concomitant decrease in Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells. These results demonstrate that IL-10 plays a critical role in modulating the adaptive immune response to RSV by limiting T-cell-mediated pulmonary inflammation and injury.

PMID:
21844390
PMCID:
PMC3304096
DOI:
10.4049/jimmunol.1100764
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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