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Cutis. 2011 Jun;87(6):305-10.

Comparison of micronized tretinoin gel 0.05% and tretinoin gel microsphere 0.1% in young adolescents with acne: a post hoc analysis of efficacy and tolerability data.

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1
Dermatology Associates of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. annelucky@fuse.net

Abstract

Acne vulgaris is common in young adolescents. Retinoids are widely used but may be associated with poor tolerability. This post hoc analysis of 483 participants aged 10 to 14 years with mild to moderate acne compared efficacy and tolerability of once-daily treatment with micronized tretinoin gel 0.05%, tretinoin gel microsphere 0.1%, and vehicle over 12 weeks. In study 1, inflammatory and noninflammatory lesion reduction and treatment success was comparable between tretinoin gel 0.05% and tretinoin gel microsphere 0.1%. Inflammatory (46.3%) and noninflammatory (45.7%) lesion reductions with tretinoin gel 0.05% were significantly greater than vehicle (37.1% and 27.9%, respectively) (both P<.001). In study 2, inflammatory and noninflammatory lesion reductions and treatment success with tretinoin gel 0.05% (30.6%, 39.1%, and 19%, respectively) were significantly greater than vehicle (10.9%, 16.9% [both P<.001], and 4% [P=.008], respectively). Tretinoin gel 0.05% was significantly better tolerated than tretinoin gel microsphere 0.1% (P<.001); the majority of adverse events (AEs) were mild, occurring in the first 2 weeks. Fourteen percent of participants reported dry skin, 8% skin burning sensation, 5% erythema, and 5% dermatitis exfoliative with tretinoin gel 0.05% compared with 32%, 11%, 23%, and 23%, respectively, with tretinoin gel microsphere 0.1% (all P<.001, except skin burning sensation). In this secondary analysis of acne in young adolescents aged 10 to 14 years, micronized tretinoin gel 0.05% provided a comparable lesion reduction and treatment success versus tretinoin gel microsphere 0.1%, with a better cutaneous tolerability profile.

PMID:
21838089
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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