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Urologe A. 2011 Sep;50 Suppl 1:176-8. doi: 10.1007/s00120-011-2669-5.

[Urothelial carcinoma].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Hufelandstrasse 55, Essen, Germany. herbert.ruebben@uni-duisburg-essen.de

Abstract

Various study groups are working on the WHO classification of 2004 which eliminates the previous grades of differentiation G1, G2, and G3 and classifies non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer into genetically stable low-grade and genetically unstable high-grade urothelial carcinomas. In muscle-invasive bladder cancer, extended lymph node dissection as part of radical cystectomy should remain the standard procedure for now.

PMID:
21837494
DOI:
10.1007/s00120-011-2669-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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