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Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2011 Sep;6(9):2240-6. doi: 10.2215/CJN.02540311. Epub 2011 Aug 11.

Associations of triiodothyronine levels with carotid atherosclerosis and arterial stiffness in hemodialysis patients.

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1
Ege University School of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, 35100, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. etatar@hotmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

End-stage renal disease is linked to alterations in thyroid hormone levels and/or metabolism, resulting in a high prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism and low triiodothyronine (T3) levels. These alterations are involved in endothelial damage, cardiac abnormalities, and inflammation, but the exact mechanisms are unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between serum free-T3 (fT3) and carotid artery atherosclerosis, arterial stiffness, and vascular calcification in prevalent patients on conventional hemodialysis.

DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS:

137 patients were included. Thyroid-hormone levels were determined by chemiluminescent immunoassay, carotid artery-intima media thickness (CA-IMT) by Doppler ultrasonography, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (c-f PWV), and augmentation index by Sphygmocor device, and coronary artery calcification (CAC) scores by multi-slice computerized tomography.

RESULTS:

Mean fT3 level was 3.70 ± 1.23 pmol/L. Across decreasing fT3 tertiles, c-f PWV and CA-IMT values were incrementally higher, whereas CACs were not different. In adjusted ordinal logistic regression analysis, fT3 level (odds ratio, 0.81; 95% confidence interval, 0.68 to 0.97), age, and interdialytic weight gain were significantly associated with CA-IMT. fT3 level was associated with c-f PWV in nondiabetics but not in diabetics. In nondiabetics (n = 113), c-f PWV was positively associated with age and systolic BP but negatively with fT3 levels (odds ratio = 0.57, 95% confidence interval 0.39 to 0.83).

CONCLUSIONS:

fT3 levels are inversely associated with carotid atherosclerosis but not with CAC in hemodialysis patients. Also, fT3 levels are inversely associated with surrogates of arterial stiffness in nondiabetics.

PMID:
21836150
PMCID:
PMC3358995
DOI:
10.2215/CJN.02540311
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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