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Am J Public Health. 2011 Dec;101 Suppl 1:S208-16. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2011.300188. Epub 2011 Aug 11.

Creating an environmental justice framework for policy change in childhood asthma: a grassroots to treetops approach.

Author information

1
Philip R. Lee Institute for Health PolicyStudies, University of California, San Francisco, SanFrancisco, California, USA. mary.kreger@ucsf.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The Community Action to Fight Asthma Initiative, a network of coalitions and technical assistance providers in California, employed an environmental justice approach to reduce risk factors for asthma in school-aged children. Policy advocacy focused on housing, schools, and outdoor air quality. Technical assistance partners from environmental science, policy advocacy, asthma prevention, and media assisted in advocacy. An evaluation team assessed progress and outcomes.

METHODS:

A theory of change and corresponding logic model were used to document coalition development and successes. Site visits, surveys, policymaker interviews, and participation in meetings documented the processes and outcomes. Quantitative and qualitative data were analyzed to assess strategies, successes, and challenges.

RESULTS:

Coalitions, working with community residents and technical assistance experts, successfully advocated for policies to reduce children's exposures to environmental triggers, particularly in low-income communities and communities of color. Policies were implemented at various levels.

CONCLUSIONS:

Environmental justice approaches to policy advocacy could be an effective strategy to address inequities across communities. Strong technical assistance, close community involvement, and multilevel strategies were all essential to effective policies to reduce environmental inequities.

PMID:
21836108
PMCID:
PMC3222493
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2011.300188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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