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Am Heart J. 2011 Aug;162(2):268-75. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2011.04.025.

Rapid complete reversal of systemic hypoperfusion after intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation and survival in cardiogenic shock complicating an acute myocardial infarction.

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New York University School of Medicine, NY 10016, USA.



In patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) complicating an acute myocardial infarction, a strategy of early revascularization (ERV) versus initial medical stabilization (IMS) improves survival. Intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABC) provides hemodynamic support and facilitates coronary angiography and revascularization in CS patients.


We evaluated 499 patients with record of systemic hypoperfusion status as an early response to IABC from the SHOCK trial (n = 185) and registry (n = 314) to determine the association between rapid complete reversal of systemic hypoperfusion (CRH) after 30 minutes of IABC and in-hospital, 30-day and 1-year mortality. Rapid complete reversal of systemic hypoperfusion was highly associated with lower in-hospital mortality (29% versus 65%, P < .001) in all patients. In the SHOCK trial, among patients assigned to ERV versus IMS, 30-day mortality was 26% versus 29%, respectively, with CRH and 61% versus 81%, respectively, without CRH after commencing IABC. The corresponding 1-year mortality rates were 35% versus 52% for ERV and 69% versus 87% for IMS (interaction P ≥ .25 at both time points). After adjusting for important correlates of outcome (left ventricular ejection fraction, age, and randomization to ERV), a significant association remained between CRH and registry and trial in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 0.23, 95% CI 0.14-0.39, P < .001) and trial 1-year mortality (odds ratio .28, 95% CI 0.12-0.67, P < .001).


In CS patients, CRH after commencing IABC was independently associated with improved in-hospital, 30-day and 1-year survival regardless of early revascularization. In CS patients, CRH with IABC is an important early prognostic feature.

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