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Peptides. 2011 Nov;32(11):2348-51. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2011.07.020. Epub 2011 Jul 30.

Ghrelin, des-acyl ghrelin and obestatin on the gastrointestinal motility.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan. fujimiya@sapmed.ac.jp

Abstract

Ghrelin, des-acyl ghrelin and obestatin are derived from a common prohormone, preproghrelin by posttranslational processing, originating from endocrine cells in the stomach. Ghrelin exerts stimulatory effects on the motility of antrum and duodenum in both fed and fasted state of animals. On the other hand, des-acyl ghrelin exerts inhibitory effects on the motility of antrum but not on the motility of duodenum in the fasted state of animals. Obestatin exerts inhibitory effects on the motility of antrum and duodenum in the fed state but not in the fasted state of animals. NPY Y2 and Y4 receptors in the brain may mediate the action of ghrelin, CRF type 2 receptor in the brain may mediate the action of des-acyl ghrelin, whereas CRF type 1 and type 2 receptors in the brain may mediate the action of obestatin.

PMID:
21835213
DOI:
10.1016/j.peptides.2011.07.020
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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