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Am J Transplant. 2011 Nov;11(11):2342-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2011.03682.x. Epub 2011 Aug 10.

Hepatic arterial perfusion is essential for the spontaneous recovery from focal hepatic venous outflow obstruction in rats.

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1
Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University Hospital, Essen, Germany.

Abstract

We previously observed that focal hepatic venous outflow obstruction recovered spontaneously by the formation of sinusoidal canals in a rat model of portal hyperperfusion. We aimed to investigate whether the lack of hepatic arterial perfusion aggravates parenchymal damage, decelerates recovery and influences the formation of sinusoidal canals after focal hepatic venous outflow obstruction. Rats were subjected to arterialized versus nonarterialized syngeneic liver transplantation after ligating the right median hepatic vein in the donor. Hepatic damage, microcirculation, regeneration and vascular remodeling were evaluated. In arterialized-recipients, confluent necrosis interspersed with viable periportal islands of hepatocytes, and vascularized sinusoidal canals with visible blood flow, surrounded by normal sinusoidal structure, were visible on postoperative day (POD) 2. Complete parenchymal recovery was consequently established by resorption of necrosis and hepatocyte proliferation, detected in viable portal islands and border zone. Lack of hepatic arterial perfusion caused complete necrosis in the obstruction zone without viable hepatocytes in the periportal area on POD2. Hepatocyte proliferation was only visible in the border zone. On POD28, perfused vascular structures, without neighboring normal sinusoidal structures, were observed in the scar-like area. Hepatic arterial perfusion determined the extent of hepatic necrosis, the formation of vascularized sinusoidal canals and the parenchymal recovery, after focal hepatic venous outflow obstruction.

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