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J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2010 Jul;2(3):220-38. doi: 10.4103/0975-7406.68505.

Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear decontamination: Recent trends and future perspective.

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1
Division of CBRN Defence, Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Allied Sciences, Brig. S K Mazumdar Marg, Delhi - 110054, India.

Abstract

Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) decontamination is the removal of CBRN material from equipment or humans. The objective of the decontamination is to reduce radiation burden, salvage equipment, and materials, remove loose CBRN contaminants, and fix the remaining in place in preparation for protective storage or permanent disposal work activities. Decontamination may be carried out using chemical, electrochemical, and mechanical means. Like materials, humans may also be contaminated with CBRN contamination. Changes in cellular function can occur at lower radiation doses and exposure to chemicals. At high dose, cell death may take place. Therefore, decontamination of humans at the time of emergency while generating bare minimum waste is an enormous task requiring dedication of large number of personnel and large amount of time. General principles of CBRN decontamination are discussed in this review with emphasis on radiodecontamination.

KEYWORDS:

CBRN Decontamination; chemical decontamination; electrochemical decontamination; mechanical decontamination; radiodecontamination

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