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Plant Physiol. 2011 Oct;157(2):645-58. doi: 10.1104/pp.111.180810. Epub 2011 Aug 9.

An Arabidopsis prenylated Rab acceptor 1 isoform, AtPRA1.B6, displays differential inhibitory effects on anterograde trafficking of proteins at the endoplasmic reticulum.

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Division of Molecular and Life Sciences, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784, Korea.


Prenylated Rab acceptors (PRAs), members of the Ypt-interacting protein family of small membrane proteins, are thought to aid the targeting of prenylated Rabs to their respective endomembrane compartments. In plants, the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) PRA1 family contains 19 members that display varying degrees of sequence homology to animal PRA1 and localize to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and/or endosomes. However, the exact role of these proteins remains to be fully characterized. In this study, the effect of AtPRA1.B6, a member of the AtPRA1 family, on the anterograde trafficking of proteins targeted to various endomembrane compartments was investigated. High levels of AtPRA1.B6 resulted in differential inhibition of coat protein complex II vesicle-mediated anterograde trafficking. The trafficking of the vacuolar proteins sporamin:GFP (for green fluorescent protein) and AALP:GFP, the secretory protein invertase:GFP, and the plasma membrane proteins PMP:GFP and H+-ATPase:GFP was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner, while the trafficking of the Golgi-localized proteins ST:GFP and KAM1(ΔC):mRFP was not affected. Conversely, in RNA interference plants displaying lower levels of AtPRA1.B6 transcripts, the trafficking efficiency of sporamin:GFP and AALP:GFP to the vacuole was increased. Localization and N-glycan pattern analyses of cargo proteins revealed that AtPRA1.B6-mediated inhibition of anterograde trafficking occurs at the ER. In addition, AtPRA1.B6 levels were controlled by cellular processes, including 26S proteasome-mediated proteolysis. Based on these results, we propose that AtPRA1.B6 is a negative regulator of coat protein complex II vesicle-mediated anterograde trafficking for a subset of proteins at the ER.

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