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J Bone Miner Res. 2011 Dec;26(12):2798-803. doi: 10.1002/jbmr.487.

Mutations in SERPINF1 cause osteogenesis imperfecta type VI.

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1
Department of Molecular and Human Genetics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a spectrum of genetic disorders characterized by bone fragility. It is caused by dominant mutations affecting the synthesis and/or structure of type I procollagen or by recessively inherited mutations in genes responsible for the posttranslational processing/trafficking of type I procollagen. Recessive OI type VI is unique among OI types in that it is characterized by an increased amount of unmineralized osteoid, thereby suggesting a distinct disease mechanism. In a large consanguineous family with OI type VI, we performed homozygosity mapping and next-generation sequencing of the candidate gene region to isolate and identify the causative gene. We describe loss of function mutations in serpin peptidase inhibitor, clade F, member 1 (SERPINF1) in two affected members of this family and in an additional unrelated patient with OI type VI. SERPINF1 encodes pigment epithelium-derived factor. Hence, loss of pigment epithelium-derived factor function constitutes a novel mechanism for OI and shows its involvement in bone mineralization.

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PMID:
21826736
PMCID:
PMC3214246
DOI:
10.1002/jbmr.487
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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