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PLoS Curr. 2011 Apr 13;3:RRN1231. doi: 10.1371/currents.RRN1231.

Abnormal peripheral chemokine profile in Huntington's disease.

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1
UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Bristol University, UK; Department of Experimental Medical Science, Wallenberg Neuroscience Center, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; Department of Neurodegenerative Disease, UCL Institute of Neurology, London, UK; Lund University Diabetes Center Malmö Sweden and Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Abstract

Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by both neurological and systemic abnormalities. Immune activation is a well-established feature of the HD brain and we have previously demonstrated a widespread, progressive innate immune response detectable in plasma throughout the course of HD. In the present work we used multiplex ELISA to quantify levels of chemokines in plasma from controls and subjects at different stages of HD. We found an altered chemokine profile tracking with disease progression, with significant elevations of five chemokines (eotaxin-3, MIP-1β, eotaxin, MCP-1 and MCP-4) while three (eotaxin-3, MIP-1β and eotaxin) showed significant linear increases across advancing disease stages. We validated our results in a separate sample cohort including subjects at different stages of HD. Here we saw that chemokine levels (MCP-1 and eotaxin) correlated with clinical scores. We conclude that, like cytokines, chemokines may be linked to the pathogenesis of HD, and that immune molecules may be valuable in tracking and exploring the pathogenesis of HD.

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