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Clin Plast Surg. 2011 Jul;38(3):437-48, vi. doi: 10.1016/j.cps.2011.05.003.

Radio frequency energy for non-invasive and minimally invasive skin tightening.

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SpaMedica(®) Clinics, 66 Avenue Road, Suite 4, Toronto, ON M5R 3N8, Canada.


This article reviews the non-invasive and minimally invasive options for skin tightening, focusing on peer-reviewed articles and presentations and those technologies with the most proven or promising RF non-excisional skin-tightening results for excisional surgeons. RF has been the mainstay of non-invasive skin tightening and has emerged as the "cutting edge" technology in the minimally invasive skin-tightening field. Because these RF skin-tightening technologies are capital equipment purchases with a significant cost associated, this article also discusses some business issues and models that have proven to work in the plastic surgeon's office for non-invasive and minimally invasive skin-tightening technologies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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