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Child Dev. 2011 Sep-Oct;82(5):1372-80. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01629.x. Epub 2011 Aug 8.

The development of distrust.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0109, USA. kvanderbilt@ucsd.edu

Abstract

Preschool-age children's reasoning about the reliability of deceptive sources was investigated. Ninety 3- to 5-year-olds watched several trials in which an informant gave advice about the location of a hidden sticker. Informants were either helpers who were happy to give correct advice, or trickers who were happy to give incorrect advice. Three-year-olds tended to accept all advice from both helpers and trickers. Four-year-olds were more skeptical but showed no preference for advice from helpers over trickers, even though they differentiated between helpers and trickers on metacognitive measures. Five-year-olds systematically preferred advice from helpers. Selective trust was associated with children's ability to make mental state inferences.

PMID:
21824130
PMCID:
PMC3169730
DOI:
10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01629.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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