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Microsc Res Tech. 2012 Mar;75(3):285-93. doi: 10.1002/jemt.21056. Epub 2011 Aug 5.

Rab7 and actin cytoskeleton participate during mobilization of β1EHFNR in fibronectin-stimulated Entamoeba histolyticatrophozoites.

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Departamento de Infectómica y Patogénesis Molecular, México.


In vitro interaction of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites with fibronectin (FN) induces redistribution of the amoebic fibronectin receptor (β1EhFNR). Trafficking of beta1 integrins is important for cell adhesion and migration in higher eukaryotes and requires the participation of Rab proteins. In E. histolytica, the machinery involved in integrin trafficking is not completely known. EhRab7 is a 24.5-kDa protein whose alignment with other Rab7 proteins demonstrated that it shared significant homology with Rab7 proteins from other organisms, including humans. Using different types of microscopy (fluorescence and confocal microscopy), it was established that Rab7 and the actin cytoskeleton participated in the mobilization of β1EhFNR in FN-stimulated trophozoites. β1EhFNR and Rab7 co-localized only in vesicular structures at 5 min, and at longer time (1 h), both co-localized in both plasma membrane and in vesicular structures; at the same time, Rab7 co-localized with specific actin structures (phagocytic vacuoles). At 5 h the β1EhFNR, Rab7, and actin co-localized at the plasma membrane, and only β1EhFNR and Rab7 decorated vesicles of different sizes. Actin and Rab7 co-localized in a cap-like structure at one end of the cell. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer and electron microscopy confirmed the close interaction between β1EhFNR and Rab7. Moreover, the use of a lysosome-specific marker (LysoTracker) and a Golgi-specific marker (NBD C(6)-ceramide) allowed us to establish that, at some point within the endocytic route, β1EhFNR and Rab7 co-localized within a lysosome-type organelle, but not a Golgi-like organelle, which indicated that this integrin-like molecule was returned to the plasma membrane via exocytic or secretory vesicles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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