Send to

Choose Destination
Bone Marrow Transplant. 2011 Oct;46(10):1321-5. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2011.153. Epub 2011 Aug 8.

Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation following solid-organ transplantation in children.

Author information

Department of Paediatrics, Division of Haematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


Reports of hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) following solid-organ transplantation have been described in adults mainly as case reports. These reports demonstrate feasibility but likely do not reflect true outcomes due to a positive reporting bias. We report herein the outcomes of all our pediatric recipients of allogeneic HSCT following previous solid-organ transplantation between 2000 and 2009. Four children were identified. Two patients underwent heart transplantation followed by cord-blood allogeneic HSCT for T-cell lymphoma/post transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD) and two patients underwent liver transplantation followed by living-donor allogeneic HSCT for severe aplastic anemia (SAA). The mean time between transplants was 4.2 years (range 1.5-6 years). All patients engrafted; however, all patients died from 37 days to 1 year after HSCT. Causes of death included infections (n=2), multi-organ failure (n=1) and solid-organ graft rejection (n=1). Though three patients survived beyond day+100, multiple complications were observed including EBV re-activation followed by EBV-positive PTLD (n=1) and five episodes of severe infections. The patients transplanted for lymphoma did not have evidence of recurrence at last follow-up. Although feasibilty has been shown with this cohort, we conclude that allogeneic HSCT in immunosuppressed patients following solid-organ transplantation remains a very high risk procedure that results in severe morbidity and mortality in children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center