Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Physiotherapy. 2011 Sep;97(3):182-9. doi: 10.1016/j.physio.2010.12.004. Epub 2011 May 11.

Normal walking speed: a descriptive meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Program in Physical Therapy, Department of Kinesiology, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06268-2101, USA. richard.bohannon@uconn.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Walking speed has implications for community functioning and is predictive of important outcomes. Determining whether an individual's walking speed is limited requires normal values for comparison.

OBJECTIVES:

To use meta-analysis to describe normal gait speed for healthy individuals within age and gender strata.

DATA SOURCES:

PubMed, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), Scopus, Science Citation Index and articles identified by hand searches.

STUDY SELECTION CRITERIA:

Inclusion required that the gait speed of apparently healthy adults was documented as they walked at a normal pace over a course of 3 to 30 m. Summary data were excluded unless obtained from at least 10 participants within a gender and decade stratum.

STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS:

The two authors independently reviewed articles and extracted data. Accuracy was confirmed by the other author. Data were grouped within gender and decade strata. A meta-analysis macro was used to consolidate data by strata and to determine homogeneity.

RESULTS:

Forty-one articles contributed data to the analysis. Combined, they provided data from 23111 subjects. The gait speed was homogeneous within strata and ranged from a mean of 143.4 cm/second for men aged 40 to 49 years to a mean of 94.3 cm/second for women aged 80 to 99 years.

LIMITATIONS:

The data presented herein may not be useful as a standard of normal if gait is measured over short distances from the command 'go' or if a turn is involved.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

The consolidation of data from multiple studies reported in this meta-analysis provides normative data that can serve as a standard against which individuals can be compared. Doing so will aid the interpretation of their performance.

PMID:
21820535
DOI:
10.1016/j.physio.2010.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center