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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011 Aug 26;412(2):302-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2011.07.088. Epub 2011 Jul 28.

A new experimental approach and signal processing scheme for the detection and quantitation of ³¹P brain neurochemicals from in vivo MRS studies using dual tuned (¹H/³¹P) head coil.

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Neurospectroscopy and Neuroimaging Laboratory, National Brain Research Centre, Gurgaon, India.


Brain (31)P-neurometabolites play an important role in energy and membrane metabolism. Unambiguous identification and quantification of these neurochemicals in different brain regions would be a great aid in advancing the understanding of metabolic processes in the nervous system. Phosphomonoester (PME), consisting of phosphoethanolamine (PE) and phosphocholine (PC), is the "building block" for membranes, while phosphodiesters (PDE), consisting of glycerophosphocholine (GPC) and glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE) metabolites are involved in the membrane breakdown process. In the clinical setting, generating well-resolved spectra for PC, PE, GPC, and GPE could be crucial phospholipids in providing information regarding membrane metabolism. We present here a new experimental approach for generating well-resolved (31)P spectra for PC and PE as well as for GPC, GPE, and other (31)P metabolites. Our results (based on uni-dimensional (1D) and multi-voxel (31)P studies) indicate that an intermediate excitation pulse angle (35°) is best suited to obtain well-resolved PC/PE and GPC/GPE resonance peaks. Our novel signal processing scheme allows generating metabolite maps of different phospholipids include PC/PE and GPC/GPE using the 'time-domain-frequency-domain' method as referred to in the MATLAB programming language.

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