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J Vasc Surg. 2011 Aug;54(2):316-24; discussion 324-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2010.11.134.

Aortic remodeling, volumetric analysis, and clinical outcomes of endoluminal exclusion of acute complicated type B thoracic aortic dissections.

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Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Harbor UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA, USA.



Structural changes within the aorta after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for acute complicated type B thoracic aortic dissections (ABAD) remain unknown. This study reviewed and analyzed morphologic changes, volumetric data, and clinical outcomes of patients with ABAD.


Forty-one consecutive patients with ABAD, all with the volumetric analysis of aortic luminal changes and ≥1 year of follow-up, were treated as a part of a single-center U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved investigational device exemption (IDE) trial from 2002 to 2009. Indications were malperfusion in 17, rupture in 12, chest pain in 6, acute enlargement in 4, and uncontrolled hypertension in 2. Duration of symptoms was ≤14 days. Three-dimensional M2S computed tomography reconstructions (Medical MetRx Solutions, West Lebanon, NH) were analyzed for aortic volume and diameter changes, regression of the false lumen, and expansion of the true lumen.


Emergent surgery was required in 17 (42%) patients, excluding one death at induction. Procedural success rate was 92.5%. The 30-day mortality was 4.9% for malperfusion, 4.9% for rupture, and 0% for all others, with late mortality of 0%, 9.8%, and 7.3%, respectively. Mean follow-up was 12.4 months. Permanent stroke and paraplegia rates were 4.9% (n = 2) and 0%. Ten of 12 secondary interventions were performed for 6 proximal endoleaks, 1 distal cuff endoleak, and 3 distal reperfusions. For the 33 patients without endoleaks, the true lumen volume increased by 29% at 1 month, 51% at 1 year, and 80% at 5 years. Volume regression of the false lumen was 69%, 76%, and 86%, respectively. The true lumen volume did not change at 1 month or 1 year in the endoleak group (n = 7) but increased 50% at 2 years after secondary intervention. A 10% reduction of abdominal aortic volume distal to endograft occurred over 5 years in the absence of endoleaks.


TEVAR offers a promising solution to patients with ABAD. Aortic morphologic changes occur shortly after TEVAR and remain predictable up to 5 years with continuous expansion of the true lumen and regression of the false lumen. A lack of increase in the true lumen volume is associated with endoleaks or distal reperfusion.

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