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Analyst. 2011 Sep 21;136(18):3587-94. doi: 10.1039/c1an15369b. Epub 2011 Aug 5.

Swarm intelligence metaheuristics for enhanced data analysis and optimization.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, California Lutheran University, 60 West Olsen Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91360, USA.


The swarm intelligence (SI) computing paradigm has proven itself as a comprehensive means of solving complicated analytical chemistry problems by emulating biologically-inspired processes. As global optimum search metaheuristics, associated algorithms have been widely used in training neural networks, function optimization, prediction and classification, and in a variety of process-based analytical applications. The goal of this review is to provide readers with critical insight into the utility of swarm intelligence tools as methods for solving complex chemical problems. Consideration will be given to algorithm development, ease of implementation and model performance, detailing subsequent influences on a number of application areas in the analytical, bioanalytical and detection sciences.

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