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Acta Odontol Scand. 1990 Feb;48(1):37-43.

Histopathology, immunology, and serology of oral yeast infections. Diagnosis of oral candidosis.

Author information

1
Division of Removable Prosthodontics and Prosthetic Occlusion, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland.

Abstract

For diagnostic purposes it is normally not important to obtain a biopsy specimen, since an oral smear from the lesion will yield blastospores and pseudohyphae in abundance. However, in lesions that respond poorly to antimycotic treatment a biopsy should be carried out to detect possible malignant changes in the epithelium. Assessment of cell-mediated immunity against Candida albicans and other antigens may be important in patients with severe chronic candidosis to assess the degree of immunocompetence and prognosis. Usually, patients with oral candidosis show only moderately elevated antibody titers in serum and saliva against C. albicans, and serologic tests are normally not a diagnostic tool for oral candidosis. However, such tests may be a prognostic instrument in patients with severe oral candidosis who respond poorly to antimycotic therapy.

PMID:
2181809
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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