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Nanotechnology. 2008 Mar 5;19(9):095508. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/19/9/095508. Epub 2008 Feb 11.

Novel fabrication of an SnO(2) nanowire gas sensor with high sensitivity.

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1
Nano-materials Research Center, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 130-650, Korea.

Abstract

We fabricated a nanowire-based gas sensor using a simple method of growing SnO(2) nanowires bridging the gap between two pre-patterned Au catalysts, in which the electrical contacts to the nanowires are self-assembled during the synthesis of the nanowires. The gas sensing capability of this network-structured gas sensor was demonstrated using a diluted NO(2). The sensitivity, as a function of temperature, was highest at 200 °C and was determined to be 18 and 180 when the NO(2) concentration was 0.5 and 5 ppm, respectively. Our sensor showed higher sensitivity compared to different types of sensors including SnO(2) powder-based thin films, SnO(2) coating on carbon nanotubes or single/multiple SnO(2) nanobelts. The enhanced sensitivity was attributed to the additional modulation of the sensor resistance due to the potential barrier at nanowire/nanowire junctions as well as the surface depletion region of each nanowire.

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