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Nanotechnology. 2008 Feb 20;19(7):075711. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/19/7/075711. Epub 2008 Jan 31.

Fabrication of novel luminor Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+)@SiO(2)@YVO(4):Eu(3+) with core/shell heteronanostructure.

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School of Chemistry and Environment, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510006, People's Republic of China.


A novel polychromic phosphor with core-shell heteronanostructure has been prepared to improve the chromatic index of phosphors. As for the first example, Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+)@SiO(2)@YVO(4):Eu(3+), its synthetic route, structure and optical properties are presented in this paper. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy-dispersive x-ray spectra (EDS) and photoluminescence (PL) were all employed to characterize the composite core-shell phosphors. The XRD, FE-SEM and HR-TEM results indicate that the SiO(2) and YVO(4):Eu(3+) layers have been successfully coated on Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+) nanoparticles and SiO(2) layer, respectively: these layers were further verified by the EDS. The PL showed that the red-emitting phosphor Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+)@SiO(2)@YVO(4):Eu(3+) possessed the independent luminescent properties of both the core Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+) and the shell YVO(4):Eu(3+). The emissions were dominated by [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text] transitions of Eu(3+) when excited with different wavelengths. Since this broad-band response to excitation in the range of 225-340 nm gave more red/dark red emissions found at 612, 616 and 620 nm, the novel phosphor Y(2)O(3):Eu(3+)@SiO(2)@YVO(4):Eu(3+) could have potential biological labeling applications with wide flexibility.

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