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Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2013 Jun;15(3):358-66. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2011.00375.x. Epub 2011 Aug 4.

Constant strain rate and peri-implant bone modeling: an in vivo longitudinal micro-CT analysis.

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1
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry/BIOMAT Research Cluster, School of Dentistry, Oral Pathology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, K.U. Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Strain, frequency, loading time, and strain rate, among others, determine mechanical parameters in osteogenic loading. We showed a significant osteogenic effect on bone mass (BM) by daily peri-implant loading at 1.600µε.s(-1) after 4 weeks.

PURPOSE:

To study the peri-implant osteogenic effect of frequency and strain in the guinea pig tibia by in vivo longitudinal micro-computed tomography (CT) analysis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

One week after implant installation in both hind limb tibiae, one implant was loaded daily for 10' during 4 weeks, while the other served as control. Frequencies (3, 10, and 30Hz) and strains varied alike in the three series to keep the strain rate constant at 1.600µε.s(-1) . In vivo micro-CT scans were taken of both tibiae: 1 week after implantation but before loading (v1) and after 2 (v2) and 4 weeks (v3) of loading as well as postmortem (pm). BM (BM (%) bone-occupied area fraction) was calculated as well as the difference between test and control sides (delta BM) RESULTS: All implants (n=78) were clinically stable at 4 weeks. Significant increase in BM was measured between v1 and v2 (p<.0001) and between v1 and v3 (p<.0001). A significant positive effect of loading on delta BM was observed in the distal peri-implant marrow 500 Region of Interest already 2 weeks after loading (p=.01) and was significantly larger (11%) in series 1 compared with series 2 (p=.006) and 3 (p=.016).

CONCLUSIONS:

Within the constraints of constant loading time and strain rate, the effect of early implant loading on the peri-implant bone is strongly dependent on strain and frequency. This cortical bone model has shown to be most sensitive for high force loading at low frequency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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