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Oral Dis. 2011 Nov;17(8):801-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01839.x. Epub 2011 Aug 4.

Activation of innate immunity accelerates sialoadenitis in a mouse model for Sjögren's syndrome-like disease.

Author information

1
Division of Nephrology, Center for Immunity Inflammation and Regenerative Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by progressive lymphocytic infiltration within the salivary and lacrimal glands. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of innate immunity activation on sialoadenitis in a mouse strain genetically susceptible for development of SS-like disease.

METHODS:

Female New Zealand Black X New Zealand White F1 mice were repeatedly treated with toll-like 3 receptor agonist poly(I:C). Submandibular glands were investigated at different time points for sialoadenitis by immunohistochemistry and for gene expression of different chemokines by quantitative PCR. Submandibular gland-infiltrating cells were characterized by flow cytometry.

RESULTS:

Poly(I:C) treatment significantly upregulated the expression of multiple chemokines within the submandibular glands. The severity and incidence of sialoadenitis was considerably higher in poly(I:C)-treated mice. There was a preponderance of dendritic cells and NK cells in the initial inflammatory cell infiltrates, and these were followed by CD4+ T cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

Our data clearly demonstrate that systemic activation of innate immunity accelerates sialoadenitis in a mouse model for SS-like disease. These findings suggest that chronic activation of innate immunity can influence certain features of SS.

PMID:
21815968
PMCID:
PMC3192939
DOI:
10.1111/j.1601-0825.2011.01839.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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