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J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2011 Oct;52(10):1015-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02446.x. Epub 2011 Aug 4.

Trends in psychopathology across the adolescent years: what changes when children become adolescents, and when adolescents become adults?

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Center for Developmental Epidemiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA. elizabeth.costello@duke.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about changes in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders between childhood and adolescence, and adolescence and adulthood.

METHODS:

We reviewed papers reporting prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders separately for childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood. Both longitudinal and cross-sectional papers published in the past 15 years were included.

RESULTS:

About one adolescent in five has a psychiatric disorder. From childhood to adolescence there is an increase in rates of depression, panic disorder, agoraphobia, and substance use disorders (SUD), and a decrease in separation anxiety disorder (SAD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From adolescence to early adulthood there is a further increase in panic disorder, agoraphobia, and SUD, and a further decrease in SAD and ADHD. Other phobias and disruptive behavior disorders also fall.

CONCLUSIONS:

Further study of changes in rates of disorder across developmental stages could inform etiological research and guide interventions.

PMID:
21815892
PMCID:
PMC3204367
DOI:
10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02446.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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