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Toxicol Sci. 2011 Nov;124(1):149-60. doi: 10.1093/toxsci/kfr201. Epub 2011 Aug 3.

Developmental treatment with bisphenol A or ethinyl estradiol causes few alterations on early preweaning measures.

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Division of Neurotoxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, Arkansas 72079, USA.

Erratum in

  • Toxicol Sci. 2013 Aug;134(2):428.


Because bisphenol A (BPA) exposure is nearly ubiquitous, increased knowledge of its potential effects on development will enable better risk assessment and regulatory guidance. Here, Sprague-Dawley rats were reared in low exogenous estrogen environments. After breeding at adulthood, dams were gavaged on gestational days (GDs) 6-21 with vehicle (VEH), 2.5 or 25.0 μg/kg/day BPA, or 5.0 or 10.0 μg/kg/day ethinyl estradiol (EE₂). Offspring were orally treated on postnatal days (PNDs) 1-21 with the same dose the dam received. Relative to the VEH group, dams of both EE₂-treated groups weighed less throughout gestation and lactation. PND 1 absolute anogenital distance and anogenital index were unaltered by any treatment. Ages at fur development and eye and ear opening were unaffected by any treatment. Despite a significant treatment effect, no group was significantly different from VEH in PNDs 3-6 righting latencies; although males had shorter latencies and all latencies decreased with age. PNDs 8-11 slant board behavior was unaffected by any treatment; however, males had shorter turning latencies and latencies decreased with age. Preweaning body weights of BPA- and EE₂-treated groups as well as naive controls were less than VEH. No treatment affected PND 21 whole or regional brain weights or levels of estradiol, testosterone, corticosterone, T3, T4, luteinizing hormone, ghrelin, or leptin. These results add to the literature indicating that developmental BPA treatment at these doses has no effects on gestational or lactational body weight, offspring anogenital distance, preweaning behaviors or hormone levels, and whole and regional brain weights measured at weaning.

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