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PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e22421. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022421. Epub 2011 Jul 19.

Transient receptor potential (TRP) and Cch1-Yam8 channels play key roles in the regulation of cytoplasmic Ca2+ in fission yeast.

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Division of Molecular Pharmacology and Pharmacogenomics, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan.


The regulation of cytoplasmic Ca(2+) is crucial for various cellular processes. Here, we examined the cytoplasmic Ca(2+) levels in living fission yeast cells by a highly sensitive bioluminescence resonance energy transfer-based assay using GFP-aequorin fusion protein linked by 19 amino acid. We monitored the cytoplasmic Ca(2+) level and its change caused by extracellular stimulants such as CaCl(2) or NaCl plus FK506 (calcineurin inhibitor). We found that the extracellularly added Ca(2+) caused a dose-dependent increase in the cytoplasmic Ca(2+) level and resulted in a burst-like peak. The overexpression of two transient receptor potential (TRP) channel homologues, Trp1322 or Pkd2, markedly enhanced this response. Interestingly, the burst-like peak upon TRP overexpression was completely abolished by gene deletion of calcineurin and was dramatically decreased by gene deletion of Prz1, a downstream transcription factor activated by calcineurin. Furthermore, 1 hour treatment with FK506 failed to suppress the burst-like peak. These results suggest that the burst-like Ca(2+) peak is dependent on the transcriptional activity of Prz1, but not on the direct TRP dephosphorylation. We also found that extracellularly added NaCl plus FK506 caused a synergistic cytosolic Ca(2+) increase that is dependent on the inhibition of calcineurin activity, but not on the inhibition of Prz1. The synergistic Ca(2+) increase is abolished by the addition of the Ca(2+) chelator BAPTA into the media, and is also abolished by deletion of the gene encoding a subunit of the Cch1-Yam8 Ca(2+) channel complex, indicating that the synergistic increase is caused by the Ca(2+) influx from the extracellular medium via the Cch1-Yam8 complex. Furthermore, deletion of Pmk1 MAPK abolished the Ca(2+) influx, and overexpression of the constitutively active Pek1 MAPKK enhanced the influx. These results suggest that Pmk1 MAPK and calcineurin positively and negatively regulate the Cch1-Yam8 complex, respectively, via modulating the balance between phosphorylation and dyphosphorylation state.

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