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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2011 Aug;128(2):315-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2011.06.004.

Tiotropium is noninferior to salmeterol in maintaining improved lung function in B16-Arg/Arg patients with asthma.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The efficacy and safety of inhaled long-acting β(2)-adrenergic agonists in asthmatic patients with the B16-Arg/Arg genotype has been questioned, and the use of antimuscarinics has been proposed as an alternative in patients whose symptoms are not controlled by inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs).

OBJECTIVE:

We compared the efficacy and safety of the long-acting anticholinergic tiotropium with salmeterol and placebo added to an ICS in B16-Arg/Arg patients with asthma that was not controlled by ICSs alone.

METHODS:

In a double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled trial, after a 4-week run-in period with 50 μg of twice-daily salmeterol administered through a metered-dose inhaler, 388 asthmatic patients were randomized 1:1:1 to 16 weeks of treatment with 5 μg of Respimat tiotropium administered daily in the evening, 50 μg of salmeterol administered twice daily through a metered-dose inhaler, or placebo. Patients aged 18 to 67 years demonstrated reversibility to bronchodilators, and their symptoms were uncontrolled by regular ICSs (400-1000 μg of budesonide/equivalent). ICS regimens were maintained throughout the trial. The mean weekly morning peak expiratory flow (PEF) before randomization was 358 ± 115.7 L/min (range, 80.3-733.0 L/min).

RESULTS:

Changes in weekly PEF from the last week of the run-in period to the last week of treatment (primary end point: change in PEF) were -3.9 ± 4.87 L/min (n = 128) for tiotropium and -3.2 ± 4.64 L/min (n = 134) for salmeterol, and these were superior to placebo (-24.6 ± 4.84 L/min, n = 125, P < .05). Tiotropium was noninferior to salmeterol (estimated difference, -0.78 L/min [95% CI, -13.096 to 11.53]; P = .002; α = .025, 1-sided; noninferiority, 20 L/min). Tiotropium and salmeterol were numerically superior to placebo in some patient-reported secondary outcomes. Adverse events were comparable across treatments.

CONCLUSION:

Tiotropium was more effective than placebo and as effective as salmeterol in maintaining improved lung function in B16-Arg/Arg patients with moderate persistent asthma. Safety profiles were comparable.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00350207.

PMID:
21807250
DOI:
10.1016/j.jaci.2011.06.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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