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J Transl Med. 2011 Aug 1;9:127. doi: 10.1186/1479-5876-9-127.

The immunological potency and therapeutic potential of a prototype dual vaccine against influenza and Alzheimer's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Immunology, Institute for Molecular Medicine, Huntington Beach, CA 92647, USA. magadjanyan@immed.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Numerous pre-clinical studies and clinical trials demonstrated that induction of antibodies to the β-amyloid peptide of 42 residues (Aβ42) elicits therapeutic effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, an active vaccination strategy based on full length Aβ42 is currently hampered by elicitation of T cell pathological autoreactivity. We attempt to improve vaccine efficacy by creating a novel chimeric flu vaccine expressing the small immunodominant B cell epitope of Aβ42. We hypothesized that in elderly people with pre-existing memory Th cells specific to influenza this dual vaccine will simultaneously boost anti-influenza immunity and induce production of therapeutically active anti-Aβ antibodies.

METHODS:

Plasmid-based reverse genetics system was used for the rescue of recombinant influenza virus containing immunodominant B cell epitopes of Aβ42 (Aβ1-7/10).

RESULTS:

Two chimeric flu viruses expressing either 7 or 10 aa of Aβ42 (flu-Aβ1-7 or flu-Aβ1-10) were generated and tested in mice as conventional inactivated vaccines. We demonstrated that this dual vaccine induced therapeutically potent anti-Aβ antibodies and anti-influenza antibodies in mice.

CONCLUSION:

We suggest that this strategy might be beneficial for treatment of AD patients as well as for prevention of development of AD pathology in pre-symptomatic individuals while concurrently boosting immunity against influenza.

PMID:
21806809
PMCID:
PMC3162512
DOI:
10.1186/1479-5876-9-127
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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