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Plant Sci. 2010 Nov;179(5):489-98. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.07.017. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

Isolation and expression analysis of salt induced genes from contrasting grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivars.

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  • 1Centre de Biotechnologie de Borj cédria, Laboratoire de Physiologie Moléculaire des Plantes, B.P.901, 2050 Hammam-Lif, Tunisia; RLP-Agroscience GmbH/Alplanta-Institute for Plant Research, Breitenweg 71, 67435 Neustadt and der Weinstraße, Germany.


Salt stress adversely affects the growth of grapevine plants. In order to understand the molecular basis of salt stress response in grapevine plants, suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and microarray based screening approaches were combined. Two leaf-specific subtractive cDNA libraries were constructed from grapevine plants subjected to a moderate, incremental salt stress treatment. SSH were performed 6h and 24h after NaCl peaked at 100mM using cDNAs prepared from leaves of a salt tolerant cultivar (Razegui) as testers and cDNAs from unstressed leaves as drivers. Then, a pre-screened subset of cDNA clones from these SSH libraries were used to construct a Vitis vinifera cDNA array, in order to verify the expression changes of the genes upon salt treatment. Expression profiles were compared between the salt tolerant and a susceptible cultivar (Syrah) under both control conditions and after salt stress treatment. Seven cDNA clones were identified which were up-regulated by salt stress in two independent growth experiments and confirmed by RNA blot analysis. The transcript expression patterns of the selected genes differed between the contrasting grapevine cultivars tested with respect to stress-regulation. The possible relationship of individual cDNAs with salinity tolerance mechanisms is discussed.

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