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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2011 Sep 15;143(1-2):108-15. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.06.031. Epub 2011 Jul 13.

Granzyme B-mRNA expression by equine lymphokine activated killer (LAK) cells is associated with the induction of apoptosis in target cells.

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1
Maxwell H. Gluck Equine Research Center, Department of Veterinary Science, Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Molecular Genetics, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA.

Abstract

Lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells are a subset of cytotoxic cells capable of lysing freshly isolated tumor cells. While LAK activity is typically measured using the (51)Cr-release assay, here we used a non-radioactive flow cytometric method to demonstrate equine LAK activity. Equine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were stimulated in vitro with recombinant human interleukin 2 (hIL-2) to generate LAK cells. An equine tumor cell line, EqT8888, labeled with carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) was used as target cells. Following incubation of the targets with different concentrations of LAK cells, Annexin V was added to identify the early apoptotic cells. With increasing effector to target cell ratios, EqT8888 apoptosis was increased. We also measured interferon-gamma, granzyme B and perforin mRNA expression in the LAK cell cultures as possible surrogate markers for cytotoxic cell activity and found granzyme B mRNA expression correlated best with LAK activity. Also, we found that the reduced LAK activity of young horses was associated with decreased granzyme B mRNA expression. Our results indicate that fluorescence-based detection of LAK cell activity provides a suitable non-radioactive alternative to (51)Cr-release assays and mRNA expression of granzyme B can be used as surrogate marker for these cytotoxic cells.

PMID:
21802151
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.06.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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