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Pain Pract. 2012 Feb;12(2):111-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2011.00492.x. Epub 2011 Jul 31.

Chronic female pelvic pain--part 2: differential diagnosis and management.

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Eastern Washington University, Spokane, Washington, USA.


Pelvic pain is a common condition. Treatment interventions have traditionally targeted biomedical conditions with variable success. Utilizing a systematic approach to examination of the pelvic girdle and related organ systems contained within the pelvis will aid the clinician in identifying the painful structure(s) as well as the associated impairments limiting functional recovery. From this, a complete management program can be instituted. The following description of gynecologic, urologic, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, and neurologic conditions that can cause or are associated with chronic pelvic pain leads to conservative management proposals based on the available evidence. Finally, nonoperative interventional strategies are described, which target the pain system from a cognitive behavioral perspective, address movement dysfunctions, and address interventional pain technique possibilities.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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