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PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e22384. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022384. Epub 2011 Jul 20.

Genome mining demonstrates the widespread occurrence of gene clusters encoding bacteriocins in cyanobacteria.

Author information

1
Division of Microbiology, Department of Food and Environment Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Cyanobacteria are a rich source of natural products with interesting biological activities. Many of these are peptides and the end products of a non-ribosomal pathway. However, several cyanobacterial peptide classes were recently shown to be produced through the proteolytic cleavage and post-translational modification of short precursor peptides. A new class of bacteriocins produced through the proteolytic cleavage and heterocyclization of precursor proteins was recently identified from marine cyanobacteria. Here we show the widespread occurrence of bacteriocin gene clusters in cyanobacteria through comparative analysis of 58 cyanobacterial genomes. A total of 145 bacteriocin gene clusters were discovered through genome mining. These clusters encoded 290 putative bacteriocin precursors. They ranged in length from 28 to 164 amino acids with very little sequence conservation of the core peptide. The gene clusters could be classified into seven groups according to their gene organization and domain composition. This classification is supported by phylogenetic analysis, which further indicated independent evolutionary trajectories of gene clusters in different groups. Our data suggests that cyanobacteria are a prolific source of low-molecular weight post-translationally modified peptides.

PMID:
21799841
PMCID:
PMC3140520
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0022384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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