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World J Gastroenterol. 2011 Jul 7;17(25):2981-6. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i25.2981.

Effect of ageing on colonic mucosal regeneration.

Abstract

The physiologic and pathologic cellular and molecular changes occurring with age in the human colon affect both the inflammatory process leading to mucosal injury and the regenerative capacity of the epithelium. On the one hand, age-related telomere shortening and inflamm-ageing may lead to the development of colonic inflammation, which results in epithelial damage. On the other hand, the altered migration and function of regenerative stem cells, the age-related methylation of mucosal healing-associated genes, together with the alterations of growth factor signaling with age, may be involved in delayed mucosal regeneration. The connections of these alterations to the process of ageing are not fully known. The understanding and custom-tailored modification of these mechanisms are of great clinical importance with regard to disease prevention and modern therapeutic strategies. Here, we aim to summarize the age-related microscopic and molecular changes of the human colon, as well as their role in altered mucosal healing.

KEYWORDS:

Ageing; Colon; Colorectal cancer; DNA methylation; Mucosal repair; Telomere shortening

PMID:
21799643
PMCID:
PMC3132248
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v17.i25.2981
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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