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Indian J Psychol Med. 2010 Jan;32(1):29-33. doi: 10.4103/0253-7176.70526.

Caregivers in schizophrenia: A cross Cultural Perspective.

Author information

  • 1FSS/University of Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Schizophrenia not only influences the lives of those affected but also those around them, especially the caregivers. This study examines the different determinants that are likely to contribute to the caregivers' perception of burden of care across different countries namely Malaysia and India, using the burden assessment schedule.

AIM:

The goals for this study were, to study the psychosocial and demographic aspects of patients suffering from schizophrenia, to study the levels of perceived burden of the Malaysian and Indian families caring for a relative with schizophrenia, and to study the determinants that contributes to the caregivers' perception of burden of care.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The study was conducted in private hospitals, both in Malaysia as well as Mangalore after obtaining the necessary approval. 50 schizophrenia patients and their caregivers in Malaysia and India were chosen using the purposive sampling technique. The inclusion criteria were a minimum of 5 years since diagnosis of schizophrenia.

RESULTS:

Although the Indian caregivers perceived difficulties in several areas such as finance, family relationship, well-being and health, they still perceived burden to be lesser compared to Malaysian counterpart.

CONCLUSION:

Intensified community based care can reduce burden.

KEYWORDS:

Burden; caregivers; cross culture; family support; schizophrenia

PMID:
21799556
PMCID:
PMC3137808
DOI:
10.4103/0253-7176.70526
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