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Expert Rev Neurother. 2011 Aug;11(8):1197-216. doi: 10.1586/ern.11.63.

Fentanyl for breakthrough pain: a systematic review.

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Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, The Harry R Horvitz Center for Palliative Medicine, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA.


The purpose of this article is to systematically review the use of fentanyl as an analgesic for breakthrough pain. This article found that the oral transmucosal fentanyl (OTFC) had a quicker onset to analgesia than oral immediate-release opioids. Intranasal fentanyl (INFS) had a quicker onset to analgesia than buccal tablets, which in turn had a quicker onset to analgesia than OTFC. Patient acceptance and global rating of efficacy were greater for INFS than for buccal fentanyl. OTFC and INFS have been used effectively to reduce acute pain in children who are opioid-naive. Abuse and addiction to OTFC, fentanyl buccal tablets and INFS was low, owing to patient selection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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